A Dental Bridge (also known as a fixed partial denture) is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants. Typically, the conventional and cantilever bridges require shaping of the teeth surrounding a missing tooth. Crowns are then placed on the shaped teeth and attached to an artificial tooth.
A Crown (also known as a “dental cap”) is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. Besides strengthening a damaged tooth, a crown can be used to improve its appearance, shape or alignment. Crowns are often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of a tooth. They are typically bonded to the tooth using a dental cement. Crowns can be made from many materials, which are usually fabricated using indirect methods.
Dentures (also known as false teeth) are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and which are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some which rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants. There are two main categories of dentures, depending on whether they are used to replace missing teeth on the mandibular arch or the maxillary arch.
Dental Cavities (also known as tooth decay or a caries) is an infection, usually bacterial in origin, that causes demineralization of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin and cementum) and destruction of the organic matter of the tooth, usually by production of acid by hydrolysis of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. Tooth decay is a common disorder, second only to the common cold. Cavities usually occur in children and young adults but can affect any person. In dentistry, a “filling” is a lay term used for the restoring of lost tooth structure by using materials such as metal, alloy, plastic or porcelain.
A Dental Implant is a "root" device, usually made of titanium, used in dentistry to support restorations that resemble a tooth or group of teeth to replace missing teeth. Dental implants can be used to support a number of dental prostheses, including crowns, implant-supported bridges or dentures.
A Root Canal is the space within the root of a tooth. It is part of a naturally occurring space within a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber (within the coronal part of the tooth), the main canal(s), and more intricate anatomical branches that may connect the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root. A root canal is referred to as a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected.
A Dental Extraction (also referred to as exodontia) is the removal of a tooth from the mouth. Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to render the tooth non-restorable. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are routinely performed, as are extractions of some permanent teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.